acne it is the most common skin disease. About 90% of all people between the ages of 15 and 30 struggle with blemished skin or mild acne. Regardless of whether genetic predisposition, stress at school, or hormonal changes are “to blame”, the fact is that acne often leads to great psychological stress. Knowing the causes and treatment options for acne is extremely important. Mädchen.de has compiled the most frequently asked questions and answers about acne.
How does acne develop?You don’t get acne if you wash infrequently, but rather due to hormonal changes during puberty. The pimples, papules and pustules that are typical of acne are caused by inflamed oil glands in the skin. Bacteria find excellent growth conditions in blackheads and thus unbalance the skin. There are different forms of acne disease: The best known form of acne is Common acne (also called “common acne”) caused by hormonal changes during puberty and more common in boys than girls. There are also specific acne diseases such as Reverse acne, which mainly affects the area under the armpits, the perianal and perigenital regions and the groin area.
How can I avoid acne?Unfortunately, not at all. However, you should clean and care for your skin carefully every day, preferably with neutral pH soaps without perfume or additives. Greasy and oily creams or lotions can clog skin pores. Avoid excess sun, cold and heat (dry heating air), that is, anything that can irritate the skin. Smoking, too little sleep, and an unhealthy diet can also have negative effects on your skin.
Can I treat acne myself?There are good tips on how to eat properly for acne, and some home remedies for pimples can improve skin discomfort. In the case of mild acne, cleaning and caring for the skin regularly with surfactant-free tinctures or creams (pharmacy) is usually sufficient. It is important that you never express the grains yourself. They can become infected and leave permanent scars. In the case of a severe course of acne vulgaris and reverse acne, there is no way around a dermatologist. After an individual consultation, a skin analysis and a medical diagnosis, he will suggest the appropriate therapy.How can I get rid of acne?Therapy is often a long process that requires patience and perseverance in treatment. There are many methods to effectively treat acne. The family doctor usually prescribes special ointments or medications. Agents used for acne include benzoyl peroxide, azelaic acid, isotretinoin (vitamin A preparation), salicylic acid and zinc, and antibiotics. Prof. Alina Fratila, dermatologist and director of the Jungbrunnen Clinic in Bonn, relies on medical peels with highly concentrated fruit acids. This is to eliminate the pathological cornifications that lead to blackheads.
Where can I get more information and help with acne?On the Internet you can find numerous pages of clinics, self-help groups and organizations that deal with the subject of acne, for example Home remedies for acne. Is it true that dairy products like skim milk, cottage cheese, and cream cheese promote acne? The answer is in peta.de. This cool test reveals: Are your pimples okay or do you already have acne??
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