Consejos sobre el SIDA sobre síntomas y transmisión: pregúntele a Gabi

AIDS Tips on Symptoms and Transmission: Ask Gabi

What exactly does AIDS mean and what is HIV positive?

AIDS is the abbreviation of the English term “Acquired Immune Syndrome”, which means something like “Acquired Immune Deficiency”. AIDS is a chronic and life-threatening disease of the immune system caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HI virus, HIV). The HI virus damages or destroys certain cells of the immune system and thus leads to immunodeficiency. As a result, the body can no longer fight bacteria, viruses or fungi effectively, it becomes more susceptible to infections that the body would normally easily cope with and certain types of cancer. Anyone who is infected with HIV can remain externally healthy for a long time. The outbreak of the disease is called AIDS, at this stage the immune system breaks down. AIDS does not fall into the category of sexually transmitted diseases; it is known as a sexually transmitted disease.


AIDS transmission: how can I get infected with the HIV virus?

AIDS is caused by the HI virus, which is transmitted through blood, semen, vaginal fluid, and breast milk. One of these four bodily fluids must enter a fresh, open wound or mucous membranes (eg, in the genital area or in the mouth) of the partner. The longer the contact with the infectious fluid and the greater the amount, the greater the risk of transmitting HIV. Therefore, you should always use a condom during sexual intercourse, so that you can be sure that you do not contract the HIV virus. On the other hand, there is NO risk of infection when shaking hands, coughing or sneezing, when sharing dishes, in the bathroom or in the pool.

What is “safe sex”?

Condoms and dental dams are the only protection against AIDS. This precaution is called “safe sex.” Because you are reasonably safe from infection. As long as the condom doesn’t break.

Can you get infected with a French kiss?

Not a single case is known throughout the world. The virus is also found in body fluids such as saliva, sweat, tear fluid, urine, and feces. However, in very small amounts that are not sufficient for infection.

How dangerous is oral sex?

Oral sex is dangerous as long as, of course, you do it with an infected person. Because the virus is found in high concentrations in semen and vaginal fluid. If you swallow semen or vaginal fluid gets into your mouth, the virus can enter your bloodstream through small lesions in the mucous membrane. Condoms provide protection during oral sex. For girls, there are special latex pads (dental dams) at the pharmacy, which are placed over the vagina during oral sex.

AIDS symptoms: how do you know if someone is infected?

You cannot say that someone is HIV positive. Only when the disease breaks out are there visible signs such as lichen on the face and body, common infectious diseases, and severe weight loss. People rarely get Kaposi’s sarcoma, a form of skin cancer.