After birth: the world is black, white and gray
At birth, your baby’s eyes are 65 percent of their adult size. Babies perceive their environment in the first few days after birth in an extremely vague and fuzzy way. Like a mole, at first they only recognize what happens three to four inches in front of their eyes. At first, your baby’s world is black, white, and gray. The nerve cells in the retina and brain are not yet mature enough. Strong contrasts are observed, but the baby still cannot distinguish between objects or choose which one to look at.
For about three months, babies can see a maximum of 8 to 10 inches. This is approximately the distance from the mother’s face when she is breastfeeding her baby.
1st month: primary colors are recognized
Babies this age are not particularly sensitive to light. To be able to perceive light, the light stimulus must be 50 times greater than that of adults.
Color vision is now developing very rapidly: one week after birth, your baby can already see red, yellow, green and orange. Blue and purple take a little longer because these colors have shorter wavelengths and the human eye has fewer receptors for blue tones.
2 to 4 months: intermittently squinting is normal
Your baby is still unable to consciously focus his eyes on an object of interest. The eyes are not working together yet, so it may happen that one eye looks to the right and the other to the left, or the baby may squint. This is normal unless it is always the case. Depth perception, which allows you to recognize what is near or far from him, still does not work. The reason: both eyes must work together for three-dimensional vision.
That happens after about three months. Your baby can now see slowly moving objects with his eyes. If the child is lying on the changing table and moves a toy from left to right in front of his face, he will most likely follow you with his eyes.
Sensitivity to light also increases significantly after three months. It only takes 10 times more light stimuli to perceive the light – time to make the room darker in the afternoon and at night.